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Cage, John (1912-1992) 約翰.凱吉

John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer, music theorist, writer, and artist. A pioneer ofindeterminacy in musicelectroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde. Critics have lauded him as one of the most influential American composers of the 20th century.He was also instrumental in the development of modern dance, mostly through his association with choreographer Merce Cunningham, who was also Cage's romantic partner for most of their lives.

Cage is perhaps best known for his 1952 composition 4′33″, which is performed in the absence of deliberate sound; musicians who present the work do nothing aside from being present for the duration specified by the title. The content of the composition is not "four minutes and 33 seconds of silence," as is sometimes assumed, but rather the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance. The work's challenge to assumed definitions about musicianship and musical experience made it a popular and controversial topic both in musicology and the broader aesthetics of art and performance. Cage was also a pioneer of the prepared piano (a piano with its sound altered by objects placed between or on its strings or hammers), for which he wrote numerous dance-related works and a few concert pieces. The best known of these is Sonatas and Interludes (1946–48).

His teachers included Henry Cowell (1933) and Arnold Schoenberg (1933–35), both known for their radical innovations in music, but Cage's major influences lay in various East and South Asian cultures. Through his studies of Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism in the late 1940s, Cage came to the idea of aleatoric or chance-controlled music, which he started composing in 1951.The I Ching, an ancient Chinese classic text on changing events, became Cage's standard composition tool for the rest of his life. In a 1957 lecture, Experimental Music, he described music as "a purposeless play" which is "an affirmation of life – not an attempt to bring order out of chaos nor to suggest improvements in creation, but simply a way of waking up to the very life we're living".

 

 

 

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克羅瑪塔的打擊風情 Kroumata
這是由瑞典最著名的打擊樂團於1997年所灌錄的最新專輯,再度發揮他們極具魅力的打擊風情,除了現代音樂當中最著名作曲家約翰.凱吉的「第三結構」之外,這張專輯全都是為了克羅瑪塔打擊樂團而寫的..
$490.00
凱吉&史卡拉第:變化的音樂 John Cage & Domenico Scarlatti:Changes
  凱吉《變化的音樂》(Music of Changes,1951),對我們而言或許可以直接稱為「易經的音樂」----這是作曲家鑽研機遇音樂(aleatory music),並..
$380.00
布列茲與凱吉:為鋼琴的結構與音樂 Pierre Boulez & John Cage:Structures & Music For Piano
個性何其不同,竟能彼此欣賞,凱吉與布列茲的相會,意外撞出燦爛火花。這張專輯收錄兩人經典作品,各自呈現其所代表的美學觀點。凱吉《為鋼琴的音樂》是「機遇音樂」作品。作曲家利用《易經》設計機遇,但錄音..
$380.00
打擊樂名曲集 The Kroumata Percussion Ensemble
「克羅瑪塔」一詞是源自希臘語的打擊樂器之意,而來自瑞典的克羅瑪塔打擊樂團,以旺盛充沛的演出活力與出神入化的打擊技巧,屹立在國際樂壇已長達近二十年,五位成員將畢生精力致力於發展現代打擊音樂,從年少..
$490.00
約翰.蓋伊:乞丐歌劇 John Gay:The Beggar’s Opera Original Songs and Airs
乞丐歌劇不是現代的歌劇,而是約翰˙蓋伊所寫的敘事劇,一七二年於倫敦首演,以對抗韓德爾的義大利歌劇,劇情係用諷諭的手法呈現當時倫敦下層階級的生活,並對腐敗的政治極盡諷刺之能事,是敘事歌劇中最為成功..
$360.00