Klami, Uuno (1900-1961) 克拉彌
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Klami, Uuno (1900-1961) 克拉彌

Uuno Klami (20 September 1900 – 29 May 1961) was a Finnish composer. He was born inVirolahti. Many of his works are related to the Kalevala. He was also influenced by Frenchmusic, in particularly by Maurice Ravel and the group Les Six. Klami is probably the only composer who has participated in five armed conflicts (two wars in Karelia, the Finnish Civil War, the Winter War of 1939-40 and the Continuation War of 1941-44).

Klami studied music in Helsinki with Erkki Melartin and later in Paris and Vienna. His main works include the Kalevala Suite and the unfinished ballet Whirls. The oratorio Psalmus(1936) has a unique place in Finnish sacred music and is one of the most highly regarded works by a Finn other than Sibelius.[citation needed] Klami also experimented with the symphonic form in his two Symphonies (1938 and 1945) and Symphonie enfantine (1927), and the concerto form in his two Piano Concertos (No. 1 Une nuit à Montmartre and No. 2 for Piano and Strings) and the Violin Concerto (1943). Being a master of miniature orchestral works, the orchestral suite Sea Pictures is also regarded as one of his major achievements. On the recommendation of Sibelius he was granted a small lifetime income from the government. In 1959 he was made a member of the Finnish Academy (one of Finland's highest honors).

The energetic Karelian Rhapsody was the first Finnish orchestral work to be published in Finland, and a long-time favourite in radio concert programs.

Klami died of a heart attack in Virolahti at age 60 while sailing his favorite boat "Miina".