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貝多芬:晚期弦樂四重奏(室內管弦樂團改編版) Beethoven:The Late String Quartets transcribed for Chamber Orchestra



貝多芬:晚期弦樂四重奏(室內管弦樂團改編版) Beethoven:The Late String Quartets transcribed for Chamber Orchestra
專輯編號: BISCD1096
專輯類型: 三CD
發行年份: 2013
國際條碼: 7318590010969
音樂家:
音樂廠牌: BIS
庫存狀態: 有庫存
定價: $1,100.00
特價: $980.00
購買數量:  
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和其他作品相同,貝多芬的晚期弦樂四重奏毫無疑問已經是立於該類型的顛峰。但是和貝多芬同時期的作曲家能接受這個事實的並不多:史博批評它們「艱澀難懂,錯的離譜」,在他們看來這些四重奏不過就是作曲家因為自己耳聾所導致的怪物作品。首先注意並且重視這批樂曲的人之一就是舒伯特,據說當他聽完第14號升C小調四重奏的演出之後說出「這首作品出現後,我們根本都不用混了」這還挺類似稗史中李白曾說過的「眼前有景道不得,崔顥題詩在上頭。」舒伯特以降的作曲家也是對這首作品充滿敬意,最知名的就是史特拉文斯基曾形容大賦格「這絕對是現代音樂,永遠都會是」貝多芬這種企圖讓所有常見的音樂都能超越傳統的野心也連帶啟發後人將他的弦樂四重奏改編為大編制版本,包含指揮米卓波洛斯和托斯卡尼尼都曾經嘗試。
這套三片裝的專輯原先是由Altara於2006年發行,現在交由BIS重製發行,採用挪威小提琴家塔利耶.東尼森的改編版本,由他本人和一手創立的北歐室內樂團演出。除了大型樂團為音樂帶來更大的動態範圍之外,東尼森的主要目標是希望能在氣氛舒適的段落和在某些段落藉由獨奏者增加織體飽滿度(像大賦格協奏曲這樣)兩者之間加強對比。大賦格這首長達15分鐘的龐然大物原先是Op.130的最後樂章,礙於當時聽眾和樂評的接受度不高,有人說「這首樂曲就和中國一樣難以理解啊」,最後在貝多芬在出版商的要求下改為大眾較能接受的輪旋曲,並將大賦格另外獨立出版。東尼森和北歐室內樂團在他們的錄音中決定將大賦格重新放回原本的音樂架構之下。
 

CD 1:

Ludwig van Beethoven

String Quartet No.12 in E flat major, Op.127

  1. I. Maestoso — Allegro 6'08

  2. II. Adagio, ma non troppo e molto cantabile 17'59

  3. III. Scherzando vivace 6'38

  4. IV. Finale. Allegro – Allegro comodo 6'57

 

String Quartet No.14 in C sharp minor, Op.131

  5. I. Adagio ma non troppo e molto espressivo 6'37

  6. II. Allegro molto vivace 2'59

  7. III. Allegro moderato – Adagio 0'51

  8. IV. Andante ma non troppo... 13'22

  9. V. Presto 5'14

  10. VI. Adagio quasi un poco andante 2'09

  11. VII. Allegro 6'25

 

CD 2:

String Quartet No.13 in B flat major, Op.130

  1. I. Adagio, ma non troppo – Allegro 12'31

  2. II. Presto 2'03

  3. III. Andante con moto, ma non troppo. Poco scherzoso 6'11

  4. IV. Alla danza tedesca. Allegro assai 2'54

  5. V. Cavatina. Adagio molto espressivo 6'48

  6. VI. Große Fuge (Op.133) Ouverture. 14'39

 

 

Like few other works, Beethoven's late string quartets have gained an almost undisputed standing as the very apex of their genre. Not many of Beethoven's contemporaries would have accorded them this: the composer Louis Spohr called them 'indecipherable, uncorrected horrors' and the quartets were widely regarded as the monstrous products of a madness which at best could be excused by the composer’s deafness. One of the first to recognize them for the masterpieces that they are was Franz Schubert, who after having heard a performance of Quartet No.14 in C sharp minor is reported to have said 'After this, what is left for us to write?' Composers after Schubert have been as awestruck by this music, with Stravinsky famously describing the Große Fuge as 'an absolutely contemporary piece of music that will be contemporary forever.' The feeling that Beethoven in these works was giving form to a universal music which transcends genre conventions have also inspired many to adapt various of the quartets for larger forces, including the conductors Dmitri Mitropoulos and Arturo Toscanini. On the present recordings, originally released by the Altara label in 2006, it is the Norwegian violinist Terje Tønnesen’s adaptations we hear, performed by himself and his Swedish string ensemble Camerata Nordica. Besides providing the greater dynamic spectrum that a larger ensemble can bring to the music, Tønnesen’s main aim has been to strengthen the contrasts between intimate passages and fuller textures by employing solo players in certain passages, as in a concerto grosso. He and Camerata Nordica has also reinstated the Große Fuge in its proper context: that amazing 15 minute monolith was originally intended as the finale of Op.130, but proved indigestible to contemporary audiences and critics – one of whom described it as ‘as incomprehensible as Chinese’ – and was replaced by an easy-going rondo following a request from Beethoven’s publisher.

 

CD 3:

String Quartet No.15 in A minor, Op.132

  1. I. Assai sostenuto – Allegro 9'29

  2. II. Allegro ma non tanto 6'30

  3. III. Heiliger Dankgesang eines Genesenen an die Gottheit, in der lydischen Tonart. 15'43

  4. IV. Alla Marcia, assai vivace – Più allegro (attacca) 2'07

  5. V. Allegro appassionato – Presto 6'16

 

String Quartet No.16 in F major, Op.135

  6. I. Allegretto 5'54

  7. II. Vivace 3'27

  8. III. Lento assai, cantante e tranquillo 6'33

  9. IV. „Der schwer gefasste Entschluss“. 6'25

 

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